Famously known as “The City of Pearls”, Hyderabad is home to architectural masterpieces with history like the Golconda Fort, Charminar, and Chowmahalla Palace. The largest city in Telangana is also peppered with churches, temples, mosques and bazaars. So, if you are a history buff, Hyderabad is where you should head to, for your next trip. Thanks to the web portal of Yatra, you can book any Indian Railway train that takes you to this city of Mughals and Nizams from your hometown at cheap prices. So, take a look at the sites you should not miss in Hyderabad if you love everything historical!
Charminar or Four Minarets
Considered as an exclusive Deccan monument, Charminar represents Hyderabad like none other structure. Its four elegant minarets make for an important landmark and it was built as a memorial for victims of plague, by Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah. Constructed in 1591, the Charminar stands on the intersection of the historical trade route between the port city of Machilipatnam and Golkonda markets. The architecture is of Indo-Islamic style with Persian influences. Charminar has a mosque on its top floor and local festivals are celebrated here with much pomp and splendor. The monument is surrounded by bazaars selling beautiful jewellery, especially bangles.
Golconda (Round shaped hill) Fort
Well-known as the strongest fort in India owing to its design and location, the magnificent Golconda Fort once served as the capital for the Qutb Shahi dynasty, but was later abandoned. Originally, the fort was constructed on a granite hill by the Kakatiya dynasty and was surrounded with humongous battlements. The fort gained prominence and was immensely fortified under the Qutb Shahi dynasty, serving as the sultanate’s capital till 1590. It fell in 1687, owing to the siege led by Aurangzeb, the Mughal emperor. The Golconda Fort once boasted of a vault that held the world-famous Koh-i-Noor and Hope diamonds as well.
Mecca Masjid or Pakka Masjid
Built more than 400 years ago, during the rule of the sixth Qutub Shahi Sultan, Mecca Masjid is a symbolic mosque. Its façade has three arches and was carved out for five years from a single granite piece. Muhammed Qutub Shah himself laid the foundation stone of the mosque that required more than 8,000 workers for the construction. The central arch of the mosque was built with bricks made with the soil sourced from Mecca, and the mosque is one of the largest in India.
This grand and beautiful palace belonged to the Nizams of Hyderabad and was the seat of the Asaf Jahi dynasty. Currently, the palace is owned by an heir of the Nizams, Barkat Ali Khan Mukarram Jah. Situated in old Hyderabad, the palace has witnessed various ceremonial occasions and has been awarded by UNESCO for cultural heritage preservation. You should definitely check out the Watch Tower Gate, the 19 stunning chandeliers made with Belgian crystals, the Council Hall with its priceless collection of manuscripts and the Roshan Bangla, named after Roshan Begum, the mother of the sixth Nizam.
Salar Jung Museum
Situated on the southern bank of Musi River, this renowned art museum is home to countless clocks, carpets, paintings, sculptures, manuscripts, textiles, ceramics, metal artworks and beautiful furniture from Persia, Egypt, China, Japan, North America, Europe, Burma and India. Not only is it one of the largest museums in the world, but also the largest collection of antiques by one man! Its collection includes The Veiled Rebecca, Aurangzeb’s Sword, daggers of Emperors Shah Jahan, Jehangir and the wardrobe of Tipu Sultan. Now all you have to do is buy an Indian Railway train ticket and head to Hyderabad for an amazing historic trip.